EU diplomatis put forward the strategy for Iraq in order to address the challenges the country faces following the territorial defeat of Islamic State (Daesh).
The proposal outlines both ongoing and longer term EU support to the country, fully taking into account the Iraqi government’s priorities.
“Iraq is at a crossroads in its history following the territorial defeat of Da’esh at great sacrifice, – top diplomati Federica Mogherini, said, calling to act “quickly” to rebuild the country with “all components” of Iraqi society. She also used an opportunity to promote human rights and rule of law, supporting national reconciliation:
“…Only inclusiveness can guarantee true reconciliation so that Iraqis can close once and for all with the past. This needs international support and we are ready to contribute, to keep supporting the Iraqi people and government in these challenges, for the sake of the people of the country and the region”.
The strategy focuses on delivering continued EU humanitarian aid to the Iraqi people and facilitating the stabilisation of areas liberated from ISIS, with three million displaced Iraqis still unable to return home. It also seeks to address the longer term reform, reconstruction and reconciliation efforts that Iraq needs to pursue in order to consolidate peace and build a united, democratic country in which all citizens can fully enjoy their rights in greater prosperity.
The EU’s support focus on the following strategic objectives:
- Preserving the unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Iraq and supporting Iraqi efforts to establish a balanced, accountable and democratic system of government;
- Promoting sustainable, knowledge-based and inclusive economic growth;
- Strengthening Iraq’s national identity and reconciliation amongst its diverse communities;
- Promoting an effective and independent justice system;
- Addressing migration challenges,
- Supporting Iraq’s good relations with all its neighbours.
The actions proposed in the Joint Communication will be discussed with EU Member States at the Foreign Affairs Council on 22 January and with the European Parliament, and will contribute to a new EU strategy for Iraq.