An international conference was held in Rome on December 13 to discuss about the Libyan crisis. The aim of the meeting was to find an agreement between the various Libyan factions and form a new government.
The Us Secretary of State John Kerry and the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Paolo Gentiloni held the meeting, in which took part representatives of 16 nations, and Libyan lawmakers from the opposing Libyan administrations.
Since the killing of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, the situation in Libya has been precarious. The opposing factions- the UN-recognized government in Tobruk and the Tripoli-based government- didn’t succeed in finding an agreement, and now the presence of ISIL groups in the country is becoming a real threat.
The conference called for the creation of a national unity government, supported by the UN and the international community, which is “prepared to meet with it rapidly in order to begin to lay out the possibilities for what is needed in order to facilitate their capacity to govern”, reported Mr Kerry.
The Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi highlighted that Italy is playing a key role in finding a solution for the crisis in Libya, and declared Italy’s availability to support the future Libyan government.
Dealing with the jihadist groups in Libya is also a top goal of the conference, since ISIL is expanding its influence in the country, and already controls the city of Sirte. According to Kerry “national unity and territorial integrity is directly endangered by the forces of extremism and terrorism.”
Libyan opposite factions are supposed to sign the agreement on December 16 in Marocco, and the new government will be moved to Tripoli within 40 days, while UN Security Council is intended to approve the agreement soon after its stipulation.
Isabella MILAN ALBERTIN