Rome, June 2. “Military, values and tradition from World War I to the European Defence”: this is the title given to the parade with which Italy commemorates the centenary of the Great War but also the forthcoming Italian Presidency of the Council of the European Union.
This morning there will be 3,500 soldiers parading in front of the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, other ministers (including the first time woman Defense Minister) and authorities. The Head of State Giorgio Napolitano will pay tribute to the Altar of the Fatherland, laying a wreath at the monument of the Unknown Soldier combined with the sound of the national anthem.
A military parades will follow at the Roman Forum, with the aerial ‘tricolor arrows’ show that will leave a trail of white, red and green on the sky of the capital. During the day, there will be also free visits to the Senate and municipal museums for all citizens.
The traditional meeting reserved for institutional authorities, representatives of civil society and to the heads of the diplomatic mission was cancelled “for reasons of simplicity and attention at the time of social and economic crisis that large sections of population still go through high difficulties”, announced the Quirinal (seat of the Presidency of the Republic).
On June 2nd is celebrated the birth of the nation, in a manner similar to July 14th for France (the anniversary of the storming of the Bastille) and July 4th for U.S. (the day on which in 1776 was signed the Declaration of Independence). On 2 and 3 June 1946 an institutional referendum by universal suffrage was held in which Italians were called to the polls to express their views on what form of government -monarchy or republic- to give the country, following the fall of Fascism . After 85 years, Italy became a republic and the monarchs of the House of Savoy were exiled. On the occasion of the sixty-eighth anniversary of the birth of the Republic, Italy commemorates 100 years since the First World War and is preparing for its Presidency of the Council of the European Union.