The Heads of State and Ministers from all over the European Union are in meeting thse Thursday and Friday to discuss important issues of the European Union. one of them is the borders surveillance after the disaster of Lampedusa where thousands and thousands migrants put their life at risk every day.
The Council adopted the regulation establishing the European Border Surveillance System
(EUROSUR) (PE-CONS 56/13) this thursday without discussion.
The aim of the European Border Surveillance System (EUROSUR) is to reinforce control
of the Schengen external borders. In particular, EUROSUR will establish a mechanism for
member states’ authorities carrying out border surveillance activities to share operational
information and to cooperate with each other and with the FRONTEX Agency in order to
reduce the number of irregular migrants entering the EU undetected, and to increase
internal security by preventing cross-border crime, such as trafficking in human beings and
the smuggling of drugs.
EUROSUR will become one of the key tools which the EU has at its disposal to prevent,
for example, tragedies at sea such as the recent ones near the island of Lampedusa (Italy).
It is expected that EUROSUR will contribute to improving the operational and technical
ability of the Agency and the member states to detect small vessels. In addition, the
regulation provides for the timely exchange of information between border surveillance
and search and rescue authorities as well as for the exchange of information and
cooperation with neighbouring third countries.
According to the regulation, member states should establish national coordination centres
to improve cooperation and information exchange between them and with the Agency for
the purposes of border surveillance.
The regulation will apply to the surveillance of external land and sea borders of the
member states. It will also apply to the surveillance of air borders as well as to checks at
border crossing points if the member states voluntarily provide such information to
The EUROSUR system has been progressively developed since 2008. EUROSUR will
improve daily cooperation between national authorities by establishing an information
sharing and cooperation mechanism, which will enable member states’ authorities to carry
out coordinated border surveillance activities and work with FRONTEX at the tactical,
operational and strategic levels. The conclusions of the European Council held on 23-24
June 2011 called for EUROSUR to be further developed in order to become operational by
Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom are not taking part in the adoption of this regulation.