Valletta summit on migration held on 11-12 November ended with a final declaration and an action plan issued by the European and African countries which gathered in Malta’s capital to discuss the current migration crisis in Europe. During yesterday’s press conference Donald Tusk – President of the European Council – expressed his concern for the migrant crisis, affirming that it was a “race against time” to save the Schengen Agreement.
The resulting documents express the European and African leaders’s will to “address the root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement, enhance cooperation on legal migration and mobility, reinforce the protection of migrants and asylum seekers, prevent and fight irregular migration, migrant smuggling andtrafficking in human beings and work more closely to improve cooperation on return, readmission and reintegration”.
Leaders also agreed a list of 16 concrete actions to be implemented by the end of 2016 and they signed an agreement to set up a €1.8 billion Emergency Trust Fund to help development in African countries. Moreover, additional fundings will be provided in order to implement the Action Plan, which will be monitored by the existing mechanisms of the Rabat Process, the Khartoum Process and the Joint EU-Africa strategy .
Once again, NGOs and humanitarian organisations expressed their hope that the promises and plans made will actually be followed through.
Press conference Valletta summit on migration: